According to Hindu calendar, Shravan month is a fifth lunar month and is considered as one of the holiest month in a year. Since it falls in Shravan Nakshatra, month is called as Shravan month. Holy month of Shravan is dedicated to Lord Shiva and consists of various religious festivals and ceremonies. Entire month is considered auspicious but, all Mondays’ falling in this month are considered to be most auspicious and called as ‘Shravan Somwar’. Hindu devotees generally fast on Mondays and worship Lord Shiva as this day is sacred to Shiva.
Significance of Lord Shiva and Shravan month
“Samudra Manthan” (churning of oceans) between Dev (Gods) and Danav (Daemons) took place in the month of Shravan. The Samudra Manthan process released a number of ratnas from the Milk Ocean. One product was the lethal poison known as Halahal. This terrified the gods and demons because the poison was so powerful that it could contaminate the Milk Ocean and destroy all of creation. Lord Shiva drank the Halahal and stored it in his throat. Hence the name Neelkantha (meaning blue throat) is attributed to Shiva.
To reduce the strong effect of poison, Lord Shiva wore the crescent moon on his head. All of the Devtas (Demi-Gods) thereafter started offering the Ganges water to Lord Shiva to reduce the effect of poison. Due to this event that took place in the month of Shravan, all devotees started offering the Ganges water to Lord Shiv during this holy month. Further, to keep the throat cool, Lord Shiva wore cold blooded cobra (Nag) around his neck.
All Mondays are devoted to the worship of Shiva as this day is sacred to Lord Shiva. No other Mondays of other months are so greatly honoured.
Shravan Month in 2019
In Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar Shravan month begins from 17th July (Wednesday) followed by Shravan Somwar on every Monday i.e. 22nd July, 29th July, 05th August, 12th August and ends on Thursday 15th August.
In Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh Shravan month begins from 02nd August (Friday) followed by Shravan Somwar on every Monday i.e. 05th August, 12th August, 19th August, 26th August and ends on Friday 30th August.
Key Festivals in Shravan Month
Krishna Janmashtami (24 August 2019)
Krishna Janmashtami is an annual commemoration of the birth of the Hindu God Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. Janmashtami is celebrated on the eighth day (Ashtami) of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) of the Shravan month. Hindus celebrate Janmashtami by fasting and staying up until midnight, the time when Krishna is believed to have been born.
Gokulashtami popularly known as Dahi Handi, is celebrated with enormous zeal and enthusiasm. The handi is a clay pot filled with buttermilk that is positioned at a convenient height prior to the event. The topmost person on the human pyramid tries to break the handi by hitting it with a blunt object. When the handi breaks, the buttermilk is spilled over the entire group, symbolising their achievement through unity.
Raksha Bandhan (15 August 2019)
Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi Purnima is a Hindu festival to celebrate a bond of love and duty between brothers and sisters. The festival falls on the full moon day (Shravan Purnima) of the Shravan month of the Hindu lunisolar calendar. On Raksha Bandhan, sisters tie a rakhi (sacred thread) on her brother’s wrist. This symbolizes the sister’s love and prayers for her brother’s well-being, and the brother’s lifelong vow to protect her.
Nag Panchami (05 August 2019)
Nag Panchami is celebrated on the fifth day of Lunar Shravan month to worship snakes or serpents. On this day, serpents are worshipped with milk, sweets, flowers, lamps and even sacrifices. Images of Nag deities made of silver, stone, wood, or paintings on the wall are first bathed with water and milk and then worshipped by offering kheer (sweetened milk).
Narali Purnima (15 August 2019)
Narali Purnima or coconut day is celebrated to appease the Varundev (Sea god) for the safety of sailors, fishermen and people living along coastal areas. On this occasion coconut is offered to the ocean. A coconut having three eyes is said to represent Lord Shiva. Coconut dishes are relished on this day. Narali Poornima marks the monsoon season and represents the beginning of new fishing period.
Putra Ekadashi (11 August 2019)
Putra Ekadashi is a Hindu holy day, which falls on the 11th lunar day of the fortnight of the waxing moon in the Hindu month of Pausha (December-January). This day is also known as Pausha Putra Ekadashi, to differentiate it from the other Putra Ekadashi in Shravan (July-August), which is also called Shravan Putra Ekadashi. Couples fast on this day and worship the god Vishnu for a good son.
Varalakshmi Vrat (09 August 2019)
VaraLakshmi Vrat is celebrated on the Second Friday or the Friday before full moon day – Poornima in the month of Shravan. Varalakshmi Vrat is performed by married woman for the well being of all the family members, especially husband, to get progeny etc. It is believed that worshiping Goddess Varalakshmi on this day is equivalent to worshiping Ashtalakshmi – the eight goddesses of Wealth, Earth, Learning, Love, Fame, Peace, Pleasure, and Strength.
Significance of Pardeshwar Shiv Mandir and Shravan month
At Pardeshwar Shiv mandir every Monday shivling that is made of Mercury is worshipped with various shringars. Hariyali (leaves) shringar, Fal (Fruits) shringar, Phool shringar, Chappan bhog, Jal (water) shringar. Visit Pardeshwar temple for more information. Yagyapuja.com, our online partner specially provides this unique opportunity to all Shiva devotees to perform Rudra puja at Pardeshwar Shiv temple in the auspicious month of Shravan.
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Things to do during Shravan month
During the month of Shravan, offering milk and bael leaves to Lord Shiva earns a lot of merits in life.
• Wear Rudraksha, and also use a Rudraksha mala for Japa
• Perform Rudra Abhishek every monday
• Offer Bael leaves, Panchamrut (Milk, Yoghurt, Ghee – clarified butter, Honey and Jaggery) on Shiva Ling
• Recite Shiv Chalisa and perform Shiv maha aarti
• Chant Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra for long prosperous life
• Fasting on Mondays for well being and prosperity. Girls who fast on all Mondays of Shravan get a good spouse